(215 ILCS 5/531.08) (from Ch. 73, par. 1065.80-8)
Sec. 531.08. Powers and duties of the Association.
(a) In addition to the powers and duties enumerated in other Sections of this Article:
(1) If a member insurer is an impaired insurer, then
the Association may, in its discretion and subject to any conditions imposed by the Association that do not impair the contractual obligations of the impaired insurer and that are approved by the Director:
(A) guarantee, assume, or reinsure or cause to be
guaranteed, assumed, or reinsured, any or all of the policies or contracts of the impaired insurer; or
(B) provide such money, pledges, loans, notes,
guarantees, or other means as are proper to effectuate paragraph (A) and assure payment of the contractual obligations of the impaired insurer pending action under paragraph (A).
(2) If a member insurer is an insolvent insurer,
then the Association shall, in its discretion, either:
(A) guaranty, assume, or reinsure or cause to be
guaranteed, assumed, or reinsured the policies or contracts of the insolvent insurer or assure payment of the contractual obligations of the insolvent insurer and provide money, pledges, loans, notes, guarantees, or other means reasonably necessary to discharge the Association's duties; or
(B) provide benefits and coverages in accordance
with the following provisions:
(i) with respect to life and health insurance
policies and annuities, ensure payment of benefits for premiums identical to the premiums and benefits (except for terms of conversion and renewability) that would have been payable under the policies or contracts of the insolvent insurer for claims incurred:
(a) with respect to group policies and
contracts, not later than the earlier of the next renewal date under those policies or contracts or 45 days, but in no event less than 30 days, after the date on which the Association becomes obligated with respect to the policies and contracts;
(b) with respect to nongroup policies,
contracts, and annuities not later than the earlier of the next renewal date (if any) under the policies or contracts or one year, but in no event less than 30 days, from the date on which the Association becomes obligated with respect to the policies or contracts;
(ii) make diligent efforts to provide all
known insureds or annuitants (for nongroup policies and contracts), or group policy owners with respect to group policies and contracts, 30 days notice of the termination (pursuant to subparagraph (i) of this paragraph (B)) of the benefits provided;
(iii) with respect to nongroup life and
health insurance policies and annuities covered by the Association, make available to each known insured or annuitant, or owner if other than the insured or annuitant, and with respect to an individual formerly insured or formerly an annuitant under a group policy who is not eligible for replacement group coverage, make available substitute coverage on an individual basis in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (3), if the insureds or annuitants had a right under law or the terminated policy or annuity to convert coverage to individual coverage or to continue an individual policy or annuity in force until a specified age or for a specified time, during which the insurer had no right unilaterally to make changes in any provision of the policy or annuity or had a right only to make changes in premium by class.
(b) In providing the substitute coverage required under subparagraph (iii) of paragraph (B) of item (2) of subsection (a) of this Section, the Association may offer either to reissue the terminated coverage or to issue an alternative policy.
Alternative or reissued policies shall be offered without requiring evidence of insurability, and shall not provide for any waiting period or exclusion that would not have applied under the terminated policy.
The Association may reinsure any alternative or reissued policy.
Alternative policies adopted by the Association shall be subject to the approval of the Director. The Association may adopt alternative policies of various types for future insurance without regard to any particular impairment or insolvency.
Alternative policies shall contain at least the minimum statutory provisions required in this State and provide benefits that shall not be unreasonable in relation to the premium charged. The Association shall set the premium in accordance with a table of rates which it shall adopt. The premium shall reflect the amount of insurance to be provided and the age and class of risk of each insured, but shall not reflect any changes in the health of the insured after the original policy was last underwritten.
Any alternative policy issued by the Association shall provide coverage of a type similar to that of the policy issued by the impaired or insolvent insurer, as determined by the Association.
(c) If the Association elects to reissue terminated coverage at a premium rate different from that charged under the terminated policy, the premium shall be set by the Association in accordance with the amount of insurance provided and the age and class of risk, subject to approval of the Director or by a court of competent jurisdiction.
(d) The Association's obligations with respect to coverage under any policy of the impaired or insolvent insurer or under any reissued or alternative policy shall cease on the date such coverage or policy is replaced by another similar policy by the policyholder, the insured, or the Association.
(e) When proceeding under this Section with respect to any policy or contract carrying guaranteed minimum interest rates, the Association shall assure the payment or crediting of a rate of interest consistent with subparagraph (2)(b)(iii)(B) of Section 531.03.
(f) Nonpayment of premiums thirty-one days after the date required under the terms of any guaranteed, assumed, alternative or reissued policy or contract or substitute coverage shall terminate the Association's obligations under such policy or coverage under this Act with respect to such policy or coverage, except with respect to any claims incurred or any net cash surrender value which may be due in accordance with the provisions of this Act.
(g) Premiums due for coverage after entry of an order of liquidation of an insolvent insurer shall belong to and be payable at the direction of the Association, and the Association shall be liable for unearned premiums due to policy or contract owners arising after the entry of such order.
(h) In carrying out its duties under paragraph (2) of subsection (a) of this Section, the Association may:
(1) subject to approval by a court in this State,
impose permanent policy or contract liens in connection with a guarantee, assumption, or reinsurance agreement if the Association finds that the amounts which can be assessed under this Article are less than the amounts needed to assure full and prompt performance of the Association's duties under this Article or that the economic or financial conditions as they affect member insurers are sufficiently adverse to render the imposition of such permanent policy or contract liens to be in the public interest; or
(2) subject to approval by a court in this State,
impose temporary moratoriums or liens on payments of cash values and policy loans or any other right to withdraw funds held in conjunction with policies or contracts in addition to any contractual provisions for deferral of cash or policy loan value. In addition, in the event of a temporary moratorium or moratorium charge imposed by the receivership court on payment of cash values or policy loans or on any other right to withdraw funds held in conjunction with policies or contracts, out of the assets of the impaired or insolvent insurer, the Association may defer the payment of cash values, policy loans, or other rights by the Association for the period of the moratorium or moratorium charge imposed by the receivership court, except for claims covered by the Association to be paid in accordance with a hardship procedure established by the liquidator or rehabilitator and approved by the receivership court.
(i) There shall be no liability on the part of and no cause of action shall arise against the Association or against any transferee from the Association in connection with the transfer by reinsurance or otherwise of all or any part of an impaired or insolvent insurer's business by reason of any action taken or any failure to take any action by the impaired or insolvent insurer at any time.
(j) If the Association fails to act within a reasonable period of time as provided in subsection (2) of this Section with respect to an insolvent insurer, the Director shall have the powers and duties of the Association under this Act with regard to such insolvent insurers.
(k) The Association or its designated representatives may render assistance and advice to the Director, upon his request, concerning rehabilitation, payment of claims, continuations of coverage, or the performance of other contractual obligations of any impaired or insolvent insurer.
(l) The Association shall have standing to appear or intervene before a court or agency in this State with jurisdiction over an impaired or insolvent insurer concerning which the Association is or may become obligated under this Article or with jurisdiction over any person or property against which the Association may have rights through subrogation or otherwise. Standing shall extend to all matters germane to the powers and duties of the Association, including, but not limited to, proposals for reinsuring, modifying, or guaranteeing the policies or contracts of the impaired or insolvent insurer and the determination of the policies or contracts and contractual obligations. The Association shall also have the right to appear or intervene before a court or agency in another state with jurisdiction over an impaired or insolvent insurer for which the Association is or may become obligated or with jurisdiction over any person or property against whom the Association may have rights through subrogation or otherwise.
(m)(1) A person receiving benefits under this Article shall be deemed to have assigned the rights under and any causes of action against any person for losses arising under, resulting from, or otherwise relating to the covered policy or contract to the Association to the extent of the benefits received because of this Article, whether the benefits are payments of or on account of contractual obligations, continuation of coverage, or provision of substitute or alternative coverages. The Association may require an assignment to it of such rights and cause of action by any payee, policy, or contract owner, beneficiary, insured, or annuitant as a condition precedent to the receipt of any right or benefits conferred by this Article upon the person.
(2) The subrogation rights of the Association under this subsection have the same priority against the assets of the impaired or insolvent insurer as that possessed by the person entitled to receive benefits under this Article.
(3) In addition to paragraphs (1) and (2), the Association shall have all common law rights of subrogation and any other equitable or legal remedy that would have been available to the impaired or insolvent insurer or owner, beneficiary, or payee of a policy or contract with respect to the policy or contracts, including without limitation, in the case of a structured settlement annuity, any rights of the owner, beneficiary, or payee of the annuity to the extent of benefits received pursuant to this Article, against a person originally or by succession responsible for the losses arising from the personal injury relating to the annuity or payment therefor, excepting any such person responsible solely by reason of serving as an assignee in respect of a qualified assignment under Internal Revenue Code Section 130.
(4) If the preceding provisions of this subsection (l) are invalid or ineffective with respect to any person or claim for any reason, then the amount payable by the Association with respect to the related covered obligations shall be reduced by the amount realized by any other person with respect to the person or claim that is attributable to the policies, or portion thereof, covered by the Association.
(5) If the Association has provided benefits with respect to a covered obligation and a person recovers amounts as to which the Association has rights as described in the preceding paragraphs of this subsection (10), then the person shall pay to the Association the portion of the recovery attributable to the policies, or portion thereof, covered by the Association.
(n) The Association may:
(1) Enter into such contracts as are necessary or
proper to carry out the provisions and purposes of this Article.
(2) Sue or be sued, including taking any legal
actions necessary or proper for recovery of any unpaid assessments under Section 531.09. The Association shall not be liable for punitive or exemplary damages.
(3) Borrow money to effect the purposes of this
Article. Any notes or other evidence of indebtedness of the Association not in default are legal investments for domestic insurers and may be carried as admitted assets.
(4) Employ or retain such persons as are necessary to
handle the financial transactions of the Association, and to perform such other functions as become necessary or proper under this Article.
(5) Negotiate and contract with any liquidator,
rehabilitator, conservator, or ancillary receiver to carry out the powers and duties of the Association.
(6) Take such legal action as may be necessary to
avoid payment of improper claims.
(7) Exercise, for the purposes of this Article and to
the extent approved by the Director, the powers of a domestic life or health insurer, but in no case may the Association issue insurance policies or annuity contracts other than those issued to perform the contractual obligations of the impaired or insolvent insurer.
(8) Exercise all the rights of the Director under
Section 193(4) of this Code with respect to covered policies after the association becomes obligated by statute.
(9) Request information from a person seeking
coverage from the Association in order to aid the Association in determining its obligations under this Article with respect to the person, and the person shall promptly comply with the request.
(10) Take other necessary or appropriate action to
discharge its duties and obligations under this Article or to exercise its powers under this Article.
(o) With respect to covered policies for which the Association becomes obligated after an entry of an order of liquidation or rehabilitation, the Association may elect to succeed to the rights of the insolvent insurer arising after the date of the order of liquidation or rehabilitation under any contract of reinsurance to which the insolvent insurer was a party, to the extent that such contract provides coverage for losses occurring after the date of the order of liquidation or rehabilitation. As a condition to making this election, the Association must pay all unpaid premiums due under the contract for coverage relating to periods before and after the date of the order of liquidation or rehabilitation.
(p) A deposit in this State, held pursuant to law or required by the Director for the benefit of creditors, including policy owners, not turned over to the domiciliary liquidator upon the entry of a final order of liquidation or order approving a rehabilitation plan of an insurer domiciled in this State or in a reciprocal state, pursuant to Article XIII 1/2 of this Code, shall be promptly paid to the Association. The Association shall be entitled to retain a portion of any amount so paid to it equal to the percentage determined by dividing the aggregate amount of policy owners' claims related to that insolvency for which the Association has provided statutory benefits by the aggregate amount of all policy owners' claims in this State related to that insolvency and shall remit to the domiciliary receiver the amount so paid to the Association less the amount retained pursuant to this subsection (13). Any amount so paid to the Association and retained by it shall be treated as a distribution of estate assets pursuant to applicable State receivership law dealing with early access disbursements.
(q) The Board of Directors of the Association shall have discretion and may exercise reasonable business judgment to determine the means by which the Association is to provide the benefits of this Article in an economical and efficient manner.
(r) Where the Association has arranged or offered to provide the benefits of this Article to a covered person under a plan or arrangement that fulfills the Association's obligations under this Article, the person shall not be entitled to benefits from the Association in addition to or other than those provided under the plan or arrangement.
(s) Venue in a suit against the Association arising under the Article shall be in Cook County. The Association shall not be required to give any appeal bond in an appeal that relates to a cause of action arising under this Article.
(t) The Association may join an organization of one or more other State associations of similar purposes to further the purposes and administer the powers and duties of the Association.
(u) In carrying out its duties in connection with guaranteeing, assuming, or reinsuring policies or contracts under subsections (1) or (2), the Association may, subject to approval of the receivership court, issue substitute coverage for a policy or contract that provides an interest rate, crediting rate, or similar factor determined by use of an index or other external reference stated in the policy or contract employed in calculating returns or changes in value by issuing an alternative policy or contract in accordance with the following provisions:
(1) in lieu of the index or other external reference
provided for in the original policy or contract, the alternative policy or contract provides for (i) a fixed interest rate, or (ii) payment of dividends with minimum guarantees, or (iii) a different method for calculating interest or changes in value;
(2) there is no requirement for evidence of
insurability, waiting period, or other exclusion that would not have applied under the replaced policy or contract; and
(3) the alternative policy or contract is
substantially similar to the replaced policy or contract in all other material terms.
(Source: P.A. 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10; 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)
Last modified: February 18, 2015