New Jersey Revised Statutes § 30:6d-5 - Rights Of Persons Receiving Services For Persons With Developmental Disability At Facility.

30:6D-5 Rights of persons receiving services for persons with developmental disability at facility.

5. a. No person receiving services for persons with developmental disabilities at any facility shall:

(1)be subjected to any corporal punishment;

(2)be administered any medication or chemical restraint, except upon the written authorization of a physician when necessary and appropriate as an element of the service being received or as a treatment of any medical or physical condition in conformity with accepted standards for that treatment. The nature, amount of, and reasons for the administration of any medication or chemical restraint shall be promptly recorded in the person's medical record; or

(3)be physically or chemically restrained or isolated in any manner, except in emergency situations for the control of violent, disturbed, or depressed behavior which may immediately result in or has resulted in harm to the person or other person or in substantial property damage.

The chief administrator of the facility, or the chief administrator's designee, shall be notified immediately upon the application of any restraint or isolation, and thereafter the restraint or isolation shall be continued only upon the written order of the administrator or designee. The order shall be effective for not more than 24 hours, and may be renewed for additional periods of not more than 24 hours each if the administrator or designee shall determine that continued restraint or isolation is necessary. While in restraint or isolation, the person shall be checked by an attendant every 15 minutes, and bathed every 24 hours. The restraint or isolation shall be terminated at any time if an attending physician shall find the restraint or isolation to be medically contraindicated. The nature, duration of, reasons for, and notation of attendant checks shall be promptly recorded in the person's medical record;

(4)be subjected to shock treatment, psychosurgery, sterilization, or medical behavioral or pharmacological research without the express and informed consent of the person, if an adult who has mental capacity, or of the person's guardian ad litem specifically appointed by a court for the matter of consent to these proceedings, if a minor or an adult who lacks mental capacity or a person administratively determined to have a mental deficiency. The consent shall be made in writing and shall be placed in the person's record.

Either the party alleging the necessity of the procedure or the person or the person's guardian ad litem may petition a court of competent jurisdiction to hold a hearing to determine the necessity of the procedure at which the client is physically present, represented by counsel, and provided the right and opportunity to be confronted with and to cross-examine all witnesses alleging the necessity of the procedure. In the proceedings, the burden of proof shall be on the party alleging the necessity of the procedure. In the event that a person cannot afford counsel, the court shall appoint an attorney not less than 10 days before the hearing. An attorney so appointed shall be entitled to a reasonable fee to be determined by the court and paid by the county from which the person was admitted. Under no circumstances may a person in treatment be subjected to hazardous or intrusive experimental research which is not directly related to the specific goals of the person's treatment program.

(5)Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (4) of this subsection to the contrary, nothing in this section shall prohibit consent obtained or research conducted pursuant to the provisions of P.L.2007, c.316 (C.26:14-1 et seq.) as provided in this paragraph (5).

(a)In addition to meeting the requirements of sections 4 and 5 of P.L.2007, c.316 (C.26:14-4 and C.26:14-5), medical research involving persons who are protected by the provisions of this subsection shall also meet the approval of the Interdisciplinary Research Committee established herein.

(b)The members of the Interdisciplinary Research Committee shall be appointed by the Assistant Commissioner of the Division of Developmental Disabilities in the Department of Human Services, and shall serve at the pleasure of the Assistant Commissioner. The members shall have diverse backgrounds, represent a variety of professions, and include at least one self-advocate and one family member, neither of whom shall be an employee of the department.

(c)The committee shall independently determine whether the criteria set forth in section 3 of P.L.2007, c.316 (C.26:14-3), and where required, the informed consent provisions of section 4 of P.L.2007, c.316 (C.26:14-4), have been met. In addition, the committee may impose such other conditions on approval as it determines are necessary to protect the health, safety, and autonomy of the individuals participating in the medical research.

(d)Notices of proposals for medical research received by the committee, and the committee's action on the proposals, shall be posted on the department's website and forwarded to the New Jersey Council on Developmental Disabilities, The Elizabeth M. Boggs Center on Developmental Disabilities, and Disability Rights of New Jersey.

(e)Two years after enactment of P.L.2011, c.182 and every two years thereafter, the division shall provide to the Legislature, pursuant to section 2 of P.L.1991, c.164 (C.52:14-19.1), and post on the division's Internet website, a summary of the research proposals reviewed by the committee and the actions taken.

b.Every person with a developmental disability in residence at any facility shall be provided with a nutritionally adequate and sufficient diet and shall receive appropriate and sufficient medical and dental care on a regular basis and whenever otherwise necessary.

c.Every person with a developmental disability between the ages of five and 21, inclusive, in residence or full-time attendance at any facility shall be provided a thorough and efficient education suited to the person's age and abilities.

L.1977, c.82, s.5; amended 2011, c.182; 2013, c.103, s.92.

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Last modified: October 11, 2016