40:55D-66.12 Municipal ordinances relative to small wind energy systems.
1. a. Ordinances adopted by municipalities to regulate the installation and operation of small wind energy systems shall not unreasonably limit such installations or unreasonably hinder the performance of such installations. An application for development or appeal involving a small wind energy system shall comply with the appropriate notice and hearing provisions otherwise required for the application or appeal pursuant to the "Municipal Land Use Law," P.L.1975, c.291 (C.40:55D-1 et seq.).
b.Unreasonable limits or hindrances to performance of a small wind energy system shall include the following:
(1)Prohibiting small wind energy systems in all districts within the municipality;
(2)Restricting tower height or system height through application of a generic ordinance or regulation on height that does not specifically address allowable tower height or system height of a small wind energy system;
(3)Requiring a setback from property boundaries for a tower that is greater than 150 percent of the system height. In a municipality that does not adopt specific setback requirements for small wind energy systems, any small wind energy system shall be set back from the nearest property boundary a distance at least equal to 150 percent of the system height; provided, however, that this setback requirement may be reduced by the zoning board of adjustment or, if otherwise appropriate, by the planning board upon application in an individual case if the applicant establishes the conditions for a variance under the "Municipal Land Use Law," P.L.1975, c.291 (C.40:55D-1 et seq.) to the board's satisfaction;
(4)Setting a noise level limit lower than 55 decibels, as measured at the site property line, or not allowing for limit overages during short-term events such as utility outages and severe wind storms; and
(5)Setting electrical or structural design criteria that exceed applicable provisions of the State Uniform Construction Code promulgated pursuant to the "State Uniform Construction Code Act," P.L.1975, c.217 (C.52:27D-119 et seq.) and technical bulletins issued pursuant to section 2 of P.L.2009, c.244 (C.40:55D-66.13).
c.If the Commissioner of Environmental Protection has issued a permit for the development of a small wind energy system under the "Coastal Area Facility Review Act," P.L.1973, c.185 (C.13:19-1 et seq.), prior to the effective date of P.L.2009, c.244 (C.40:55D-66.12 et seq.), provisions of subsection b. of this section shall not apply to an application for development for that small wind energy system if the provisions of that subsection would otherwise prohibit approval of the application or require the approval to impose restrictions or limitations on the small wind energy system, including but not limited to restrictions or limitations on tower height or system height, the setback of the system from property boundaries, and noise levels.
d.For the purposes of this section:
"Small wind energy system" means a wind energy conversion system consisting of a wind turbine, a tower, and associated control or conversion electronics, which has a rated capacity consistent with applicable provisions of the State Uniform Construction Code promulgated pursuant to the "State Uniform Construction Code Act," P.L.1975, c.217 (C.52:27D-119 et seq.) and technical bulletins issued pursuant to section 2 of P.L.2009, c.244 (C.40:55D-66.13), and which will be used primarily for onsite consumption;
"System height" means the height above grade of the tower plus the wind generator;
"Tower height" means the height above grade of the fixed portion of the tower, excluding the wind generator; and
"Wind generator" means blades and associated mechanical and electrical conversion components mounted on top of the tower.
L.2009, c.244, s.1.
Section: Previous 40-55d-66.6 40-55d-66.7 40-55d-66.7a 40-55d-66.8 40-55d-66.9 40-55d-66.10 40-55d-66.11 40-55d-66.12 40-55d-66.13 40-55d-66.14 40-55d-66.15 40-55d-66.16 40-55d-67 40-55d-68 40-55d-68.1 Next
Last modified: October 11, 2016