§ 3302. Definitions.
The following words and phrases when used in this chapter shall have the meanings given to them in this section unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
"Benefit corporation." A business corporation that has elected to become subject to this chapter and whose status as a benefit corporation has not been terminated.
"Benefit director." Either:
(1) the director designated as the benefit director of a benefit corporation as provided in section 3322 (relating to benefit director); or
(2) a person with one or more of the powers, duties or rights of a benefit director to the extent provided in the bylaws under section 3322.
"Benefit enforcement proceeding." A claim or action for:
(1) failure to pursue or create the general public benefit purpose of the benefit corporation or any specific public benefit purpose set forth in its articles; or
(2) violation of any obligation, duty or standard of conduct under this chapter.
"Benefit officer." The individual, if any, designated as the benefit officer of a benefit corporation as provided in section 3324 (relating to benefit officer).
"General public benefit." A material positive impact on society and the environment, taken as a whole and assessed against a third-party standard, from the business and operations of a benefit corporation.
"Independent." When a person has no material relationship with a benefit corporation or any of its subsidiaries, other than the relationship of serving as the benefit director or benefit officer. A material relationship between an individual and a benefit corporation or any of its subsidiaries will be conclusively presumed to exist if:
(1) the person is or has been within the last three years an employee of the benefit corporation or any of its subsidiaries, other than as a benefit officer;
(2) an immediate family member of the person is or has been within the last three years an executive officer, other than a benefit officer, of the benefit corporation or any of its subsidiaries; or
(3) the person, or an association of which the person is a director, officer or other manager or in which the person owns beneficially or of record 5% or more of the outstanding equity interests, owns beneficially or of record 5% or more of the outstanding shares of the benefit corporation. The percentage of ownership in an association shall be calculated as if all outstanding rights to acquire equity interests in the association had been exercised.
"Minimum status vote."
(1) In the case of a business corporation, in addition to any other required approval or vote, the satisfaction of the following conditions:
(i) The shareholders of every class or series must be entitled, as a class, to vote on the corporate action regardless of a limitation stated in the articles of incorporation or bylaws on the voting rights of any class or series.
(ii) The corporate action must be approved by a vote of the shareholders of each class or series entitled to cast at least two-thirds of the votes that all shareholders of the class or series are entitled to cast on the action.
(2) In the case of a domestic association other than a business corporation, in addition to any other required approval, vote or consent, the satisfaction of the following conditions:
(i) The holders of every class or series of equity interest in the association that are entitled to receive a distribution of any kind from the association must be entitled as a class to vote on or consent to the action regardless of any otherwise applicable limitation on the voting or consent rights of any class or series.
(ii) The action must be approved by vote or consent of the holders described in subparagraph (i) entitled to cast at least two-thirds of the votes or consents that all of those holders are entitled to cast on the action.
"Specific public benefit." Includes:
(1) providing low-income or underserved individuals or communities with beneficial products or services;
(2) promoting economic opportunity for individuals or communities beyond the creation of jobs in the normal course of business;
(3) preserving the environment;
(4) improving human health;
(5) promoting the arts, sciences or advancement of knowledge;
(6) promoting economic development through support of initiatives that increase access to capital for emerging and growing technology enterprises, facilitate the transfer and commercial adoption of new technologies, provide technical and business support to emerging and growing technology enterprises or form support partnerships that support those objectives;
(7) increasing the flow of capital to entities with a public benefit purpose; and
(8) the accomplishment of any other particular benefit for society or the environment.
"Subsidiary." An association in which a person owns beneficially or of record 50% or more of the outstanding equity interests. The percentage of ownership in an association shall be calculated as if all outstanding rights to acquire equity interests in the association had been exercised.
"Third-party standard." A standard for defining, reporting and assessing overall corporate social and environmental performance which is:
(1) Comprehensive in that it assesses the effect of the business and its operations upon the interests listed in section 3321(a)(1)(ii), (iii), (iv) and (v) (relating to standard of conduct for directors).
(2) Developed by an organization that is independent of the benefit corporation and satisfies the following requirements:
(i) Not more than one-third of the members of the governing body of the organization are representatives of any of the following:
(A) An association of businesses operating in a specific industry the performance of whose members is measured by the standard.
(B) Businesses from a specific industry or an association of businesses in that industry.
(C) Businesses whose performance is assessed against the standard.
(ii) The organization is not materially financed by an association or business described in subparagraph (i).
(3) Credible because the standard is developed by a person that both:
(i) Has access to necessary expertise to assess overall corporate social and environmental performance.
(ii) Uses a balanced multistakeholder approach, including a public comment period of at least 30 days to develop the standard.
(4) Transparent because the following information is publicly available:
(i) About the standard:
(A) The criteria considered when measuring the overall social and environmental performance of a business.
(B) The relative weightings, if any, of those criteria.
(ii) About the development and revision of the standard:
(A) The identity of the directors, officers, material owners and the governing body of the organization that developed and controls revisions to the standard.
(B) The process by which revisions to the standard and changes to the membership of the governing body are made.
(C) An accounting of the sources of financial support for the organization, with sufficient detail to disclose any relationships that could reasonably be considered to present a potential conflict of interest.Section: Previous 3301 3302 3303 3304 3305 3311 3321 3322 3323 3324 3325 3331 Next
Last modified: October 8, 2016