Thunder Basin Coal Co. v. Reich, 510 U.S. 200, 3 (1994)

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202

THUNDER BASIN COAL CO. v. REICH

Opinion of the Court

ally intolerable choice between compliance and potent coercive penalties. Pp. 216-218.

969 F. 2d 970, affirmed.

Blackmun, J., delivered the opinion of the Court, in which Rehnquist, C. J., and Stevens, O'Connor, Kennedy, Souter, and Ginsburg, JJ., joined, and in which Scalia and Thomas, JJ., joined except for Parts III-B, IV, and V. Scalia, J., filed an opinion concurring in part and concurring in the judgment, in which Thomas, J., joined, post, p. 219.

Wayne S. Bishop argued the cause for petitioner. With him on the briefs were Charles W. Newcom, Stewart A. Block, and Thomas F. Linn.

Deputy Solicitor General Wallace argued the cause for respondents. On the brief were Solicitor General Days, Acting Deputy Solicitor General Kneedler, William K. Kelley, Allen H. Feldman, and Nathaniel I. Spiller.*

Justice Blackmun delivered the opinion of the Court.

In this case, we address the question whether the statutory-review scheme in the Federal Mine Safety and Health Amendments Act of 1977, 91 Stat. 1290, as amended, 30 U. S. C. 801 et seq. (1988 ed. and Supp. IV) (Mine Act or Act), prevents a district court from exercising subject-matter jurisdiction over a pre-enforcement challenge to the Act. We hold that it does.

I

Congress adopted the Mine Act "to protect the health and safety of the Nation's coal or other miners." 30 U. S. C. 801(g). The Act requires the Secretary of Labor or his representative to conduct periodic, unannounced health and

*Timothy M. Biddle and J. Michael Klise filed a brief for the American Mining Congress et al. as amici curiae urging reversal.

Patrick K. Nakamura, George N. Davies, Robert H. Stropp, Jr., and Mary Lu Jordan filed a brief for the International Union, United Mine Workers of America, as amicus curiae urging affirmance.

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