Ex parte ASHBY et al. - Page 6




          Appeal No. 96-0308                                                          
          Application No. 07/854,192                                                  


          Kondo’s suggestion to include a RAM recording and playback means            
          in a greeting card so that a user can easily record a message is            
          applicable to Tarlow’s greeting card.  From the collective                  
          teachings of Kondo and Tarlow one skilled in the art would have             
          recognized as an advantage that a user would not have to come to            
          a recording center if a RAM recording and playback means were               
          included in Tarlow’s greeting card.                                         
               As Appellants point out, Tarlow desires to permanently                 
          preserve a vocal message.  Tarlow states that “[t]he recording              
          would have to be of a permanent nature in order to preserve the             
          quality and fidelity of a dear relative’s voice.”  Page 2, lines            
          14-16.  Nonetheless, Kondo taught advantages to recording a                 
          greeting card message in a temporary memory (a RAM) instead of a            
          permanent memory.  When the collective teachings of the cited art           
          are viewed as whole, they suggest the claimed subject matter.               
               Thus, we will sustain this rejection.                                  
          Claims 19-21                                                                
               Claims 19-21 stand rejected under 35 U.S.C.  103 as                   
          unpatentable over Kondo in view of Tarlow.                                  
               The examiner finds that Kondo teaches the claimed invention            
          except for releasibly securing Kondo’s card to products, and that           
          Tarlow teaches releasibly attaching a playback module to a                  

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