Ex parte DUESTERHOEFT et al. - Page 6




          Appeal No. 1997-3403                                                       
          Application No. 08/032,889                                                 


          an examiner is under a burden to make out a prima facie case               
          of obviousness.  If that burden is met, the burden of going                
          forward then shifts to the appellants to overcome the prima                
          facie case with argument and/or evidence.  Obviousness is then             
          determined on the basis of the evidence as a whole and the                 
          relative persuasiveness of the arguments.  See In re Oetiker,              
          977 F.2d 1443, 1445, 24 USPQ2d 1443, 1444 (Fed. Cir. 1992); In             
          re Hedges, 783 F.2d 1038, 1039, 228 USPQ 685, 686 (Fed. Cir.               
          1986); In re Piasecki, 745 F.2d 1468, 1472, 223 USPQ 785, 788              
          (Fed. Cir. 1984); and In re Rinehart, 531 F.2d 1048, 1052, 189             
          USPQ 143, 147 (CCPA 1976).  We are further guided by the                   
          precedence of our reviewing court that the limitations from                
          the disclosure are not to be imported into the claims.  In re              
          Lundberg, 244 F.2d 543, 113 USPQ 530 (CCPA 1957); In re                    
          Queener, 796 F.2d 461, 230 USPQ 438 (Fed. Cir. 1986).  We also             
          note that the arguments not made separately for any individual             
          claim or claims are considered waived.  See 37 CFR  1.192 (a)             
          and (c).  In re Baxter Travenol Labs., 952 F.2d 388, 391, 21               
          USPQ2d 1281, 1285 (Fed. Cir. 1991) (“It is not the function of             
          this court to examine the claims in greater detail than argued             
          by an appellant, looking for nonobvious distinctions over the              
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