Ex parte HURST et al. - Page 9




          Appeal No. 1998-2556                                                        
          Application 08/571,044                                                      


          227 USPQ 657, 664 (Fed. Cir. 1985), cert. denied, 475 U.S.                  
          1017 (1986); ACS Hosp. Sys., Inc. v. Montefiore Hosp., 732                  
          F.2d 1572, 1577, 221 USPQ 929, 933 (Fed. Cir. 1984).  These                 
          showings by the examiner are an essential part of complying                 
          with the burden of presenting a prima facie case of                         
          obviousness.  Note In re Oetiker, 977 F.2d 1443, 1445, 24                   
          USPQ2d 1443, 1444 (Fed. Cir. 1992).  If that burden is met,                 
          the burden then shifts to the applicant to overcome the prima               
          facie case with argument and/or evidence.  Obviousness is then              
          determined on the basis of the evidence as a whole and the                  
          relative persuasiveness of the arguments.  See Id.; In re                   
          Hedges, 783 F.2d 1038, 1039, 228 USPQ 685, 686 (Fed. Cir.                   
          1986); In re Piasecki, 745 F.2d 1468, 1472, 223 USPQ 785, 788               
          (Fed. Cir. 1984); and In re Rinehart, 531 F.2d 1048, 1052, 189              
          USPQ 143, 147 (CCPA 1976).  Only those arguments                            


          actually made by appellants have been considered in this                    
          decision.  Arguments which appellants could have made but                   
          chose not to make in the brief have not been considered [see                
          37 CFR                                                                      
           1.192(a)].                                                                
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