46:8C-19.Powers, duties of the association
10. a. An association may contract, sue, or be sued, with respect to the exercise or non-exercise of its powers. For these purposes, the powers of the association include, but are not limited to, the maintenance, management, and operation of the property. The association may institute, maintain, settle or appeal actions or hearings in its name on behalf of all homeowners concerning matters of common interest, including, but not limited to: the common property; structural components of a building or other improvements; mechanical, electrical and plumbing elements serving the property; and protests of ad valorem taxes on commonly used facilities. If the association has the authority to maintain a class action, the association may be joined in an action as representative of that class with reference to litigation and disputes involving the matters for which the association could bring a class action. Nothing herein limits any statutory or common-law right of any individual homeowner or class of homeowners to bring any action which may otherwise be available.
b. The powers and duties of an association include those set forth in this section, in sections 6 and 9 of this act, and in the articles of incorporation and bylaws and any recorded declarations or restrictions encumbering the property, if not inconsistent with the provisions of this act.
c. An association has the power to make and collect assessments and to lease, maintain, repair and replace the common areas upon purchase of the private residential leasehold community property.
d. An association shall maintain financial records in accordance with generally accepted accounting standards and principles. The records shall be open to inspection by association members or their authorized representatives at reasonable times, and written summaries of such records shall be supplied at least annually to the members or their authorized representatives. The failure of the association to permit inspection of its accounting records by members or their authorized representatives entitles any persons prevailing in an enforcement action to recover reasonable attorney's fees from the person in control of the books and records who, directly or indirectly, knowingly denied access to the books and records for inspection. The records shall include, but not be limited to:
(1) A record of all receipts and expenditures.
(2) An account for each member, designating the name and current mailing address of the member, the amount of each assessment, the dates on which and amounts in which the assessments come due, the amount paid on the account, and the balance due.
e. An association has the power to purchase, acquire, hold, lease, mortgage and convey any proprietary interest in or affecting the land of the private residential leasehold community.
f. An association shall use its best efforts to obtain and maintain adequate insurance to protect the association and the property upon purchase of the private residential leasehold community. A copy of each policy of insurance in effect shall be made available for inspection by members at reasonable times.
g. An association has the authority, without the joinder of any homeowner, to modify, move, or create any easement for ingress and egress, or for the purpose of utilities, if the easement constitutes part of or crosses the property upon purchase of the property. This subsection does not authorize the association to modify or move any easement created in whole or part for the use or benefit of anyone other than the members, or crossing the property of anyone other than the members, without the consent or approval of such person as required by law or the instrument creating the easement. Nothing in this subsection affects the rights of ingress or egress of any member of the association.
L.1991,c.483,s.10; amended 1995,c.365,s.10.
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Last modified: October 11, 2016