Ex parte DOWNS - Page 3

                Appeal No. 95-3273                                                                                                            
                Application 08/136,856                                                                                                        

                                 D.  two connecting conductors connected                                                                      
                                 to the two films of conductive material                                                                      
                                 for conducting an electrical signal                                                                          
                                 between the piezoelectric sandwich                                                                           
                                 element and some external point.                                                                             
                                 The references relied by the examiner are:                                                                   
                Rokurota                                  4,747,192                                 May 31, 1988                              
                Geil et al. (Geil)                        4,833,659                                 May 23, 1989                              
                                 As explained below, we are relying on definitions of                                                         
                "film" from the following dictionaries with respect to the                                                                    
                rejection based on Rokurota:3                                                                                                 
                                 (a)  McGraw-Hill Electronics Dictionary 208 (1994 ed.)                                                       
                                 (b)  IEEE Standard Dictionary of Electrical and                                                              
                                 Electronics Terms 219 (1972 ed.)                                                                             
                A.  The rejection based on Geil                                                                                               
                                 Claim 1 stands rejected under 35 U.S.C.  102(b) as                                                          
                anticipated by Geil.  The examiner reads claim 1 on the reference                                                             
                as follows (final Office action at 2-3):                                                                                      
                                         Geil discloses in Figs. 5 and 6, a surface-                                                          
                                 laminated piezoelectric-film transducer, comprising: a                                                       
                                 thin film of piezoelectric material (PVF ) , two thin              2 [4]                                     
                                 films of conductive material (28 and 29 or copper foil                                                       

                3Copies of these definitions are enclosed with this decision.                                                                 
                Our reliance on these definitions from standard reference works                                                               
                does not constitute a new ground of rejection.  See In re Boon,                                                               
                439 F.2d 727-28, 169 USPQ 231, 234 (CCPA 1971).                                                                               
                4Geil uses PVF  as an abbreviation for polyvinylidene fluoride,                                                               
                4which appellant abbreviates as "PVDF."2                                                                                                   


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