Ex parte NAKAMARU et al. - Page 5




          Appeal No. 96-0209                                                          
          Application 07/922,501                                                      

          claimed invention be described in a single reference."  In re               
          Spada, 911 F.2d 705, 707 n.3, 15 USPQ2d 1655, 1657 n.3 (Fed. Cir.           
          1990).  "It is axiomatic that an anticipation of a claim under              
           102 can be found only if the prior art reference discloses                
          every element of the claim and that anticipation is a fact                  
          question subject to review under the clearly erroneous standard."           
          In re King, 801 F.2d 1324, 1326, 231 USPQ 136, 138 (Fed. Cir.               
          1986).  In that regard, note that what a reference discloses is a           
          question of fact.  Panduit Corp. v. Dennison Mfg. Co., 810 F.2d             
          1561, 1579 n.42, 1 USPQ2d 1593, 1606 n.42 (Fed. Cir.), cert.                
          denied, 481 U.S. 1052 (1987).                                               
               According to the examiner (answer at 3), (1) elements 10,              
          20-25 and 30-32 in the European '073 reference constitute the               
          music information reproducing means of each rejected claim;                 
          (2) elements 10 and 30-31 in the European '073 reference                    
          constitute the control information reproduction means in each               
          rejected claim; and (3) element 33 in the European '073 reference           
          constitutes the control means in each rejected claim.                       
               The finding with respect to the music information                      
          reproduction means lacks merit since elements 20-25 and 30-32 are           
          on different processing paths and produce different outputs.                
          What the examiner regards as the reproduced music signal from the           


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