California Civil Code Section 45

CA Civ Code § 45 (2017)  

Libel is a false and unprivileged publication by writing, printing, picture, effigy, or other fixed representation to the eye, which exposes any person to hatred, contempt, ridicule, or obloquy, or which causes him to be shunned or avoided, or which has a tendency to injure him in his occupation.

(Enacted 1872.)

Last modified: October 25, 2018