Ex parte MCCONNELL et al. - Page 8

          Appeal No. 95-3891                                                          
          Application 08/066,405                                                      

          step of claim 2 clearly refer to the devices described in the               
          preambles, making this a case where "the claim drafter cho[se] to           
          use both the preamble and the body to define the subject matter             
          of the claimed invention."  Bell Communications Research v.                 
          Vitalink Communications Corp., 55 F.3d 615, 620, 34 USPQ2d 1816,            
          1820 (Fed. Cir. 1995) (emphasis in original).  As a result,                 
          claim 1 requires that the memory means store formatting data for            
          a plurality of devices, of which at least two are in the same               
          category of devices and at least two are in different categories            
          of devices, with two devices in the same or different categories            
          requiring different signal formats.  Because at least two of the            
          devices are in the same device category (e.g., TV), it is                   
          necessary to identify which set of stored formatting data to use            
          when the "TV" category key (i.e., one of the "predetermined group           
          of keys") is activated.  This function is performed by the "means           
          for addressing said memory means . . . and reading out said                 
          specific device formatting data for a selected device."                     
                    Kocher discloses a remote control system for                      
          controlling a television receiver and one or more other                     
          appliances, such as electric lamps.  Remote control decoding                
          circuitry located in the television receiver determines whether             
          the received IR signal is intended to be a TV control signal                


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