Ex parte DUKE-MORAN et al. - Page 8

          Appeal No. 97-0628                                                          
          Application 07/992,428                                                      

          true as to claim 12's focus information regarding handicapped               
          individuals and claim 13's article topics selected from various             
          specific groups.                                                            
               The examiner stated (answer at 4):  "Kucera teaches the                
          step/means for assigning a tag to the keyword (cols. 1-2)."  We             
          note, however, that the claimed invention calls for assignment of           
          a tag to the "associated topic and keyword."  As is pointed out             
          by the appellants (Br. at 11), Kucera generates a sequence of               
          possible tags for each word in a sentence and then operates on              
          strings of tags of adjacent words to determine the probable tags            
          for each word, and each tag indicates a possible syntactic use of           
          the word.  In the claimed invention, however, the tags are                  
          assigned to a keyword and an associated topic for subsequent                
          assignment of a weighing factor.  Kucera does not disclose                  
          assigning a tag to any pair of associated topic and keyword, and            
          Kucera provides no reasonable motivation for one with ordinary              
          skill in the art to assign a tag to any pair of associated topic            
          and keyword.  Kucera's focus is on syntactic use of words, not on           
          topics with which the words are associated.  The examiner                   
          erroneously concluded that Kucera's tag is functionally                     
          equivalent to the claimed tag (answer at 6).  Neither Kucera's              
          nor appellant's tag simply provides a mark or identifies a word.            


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