Ex parte HOTTA et al. - Page 4




          Appeal No. 2000-1356                                                        
          Application 07/979,772                                                      


          We affirm-in-part.                                                          
               In rejecting a claim under 35 U.S.C.  103, an examiner                
          is under a burden to make out a prima facie case of                         
          obviousness.  If that burden is met, the burden of going                    
          forward then shifts to                                                      


          the applicant to overcome the prima facie case with argument                
          and/or evidence.  Obviousness is then determined on the basis               
          of the evidence as a whole and the relative persuasiveness of               
          the arguments.  See In re Oetiker, 977 F.2d 1443, 1445, 24                  
          USPQ2d 1443, 1444 (Fed. Cir. 1992); In re Hedges, 783 F.2d                  
          1038, 1039, 228 USPQ 685, 686 (Fed. Cir. 1986); In re                       
          Piasecki, 745 F.2d 1468, 1472, 223 USPQ 785, 788 (Fed. Cir.                 
          1984); and In re Rinehart, 531 F.2d 1048, 1052, 189 USPQ 143,               
          147 (CCPA 1976).                                                            
               We are further guided by the precedence of our reviewing               
          court that the limitations from the disclosure are not to be                
          imported into the claims.  In re Lundberg, 244 F.2d 543, 113                
          USPQ 530 (CCPA 1957); In re Queener, 796 F.2d 461, 230 USPQ                 
          438 (Fed. Cir. 1986).  We also note that the arguments not                  
          made separately for any individual claim or claims are                      
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