Ex parte YOSHIYUKI MIYAYAMA et al. - Page 4




          Appeal No. 96-0576                                                          
          Application 07/846,231                                                      


          respective details thereof.                                                 



                                       OPINION                                        
               We will not sustain the rejection of claims 1 through 9                
          under 35 U.S.C.  103.                                                      
               The Examiner has failed to set forth a prima facie case.               
          It is the burden of the Examiner to establish why one having                
          ordinary skill in the art would have been led to the claimed                
          invention by the express teachings or suggestions found in the              
          prior art, or by implications contained in such teachings or                
          suggestions.  In re Sernaker, 702 F.2d 989, 995, 217 USPQ 1, 6              
          (Fed. Cir. 1983).  "Additionally, when determining obviousness,             
          the claimed invention should be considered as a whole; there is             
          no legally recognizable 'heart' of the invention."  Para-Ordnance           
          Mfg. v. SGS Importers Int’l, Inc., 73 F.3d 1085, 1087, 37 USPQ2d            
          1237, 1239 (Fed. Cir. 1995), cert. denied, 117 S.Ct. 80 (1996)              
          citing W. L. Gore & Assocs., Inc. v. Garlock, Inc., 721 F.2d                
          1540, 1548, 220 USPQ 303, 309 (Fed. Cir. 1983), cert. denied, 469           
          U.S. 851 (1984).                                                            


          necessary.                                                                  
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